Sri Caitanya-caritamrta, Madhya-lila 20.137-142
by His Divine Grace A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada
New York, November 29, 1966


na sadhayati mam yogah na sankhyam dharma uddhava na svadhyayas tapas tyagah yatha bhaktir mamorjita

So if you want God, Krsna, then there is no other way except this devotional service. Neither yoga, neither philosophical speculation, neither ritualistic performances, nor study in the Vedic literature, neither penance, austerities… All these formulas which are recommended for transcendental realization, they may help us to advance to a certain extent, but if you want personal touch with the Supreme Personality of Godhead, then you have to adopt this devotional service, Krsna consciousness. There is no other way.

So Lord Caitanya, giving evidence from Srimad-Bhagavatam… He is giving:

bhaktyaham ekaya grahyah sraddhayatma priyah satam bhaktih punati man-nistha sva-pakan api sambhavat

There is another verse in the Srimad-Bhagavatam. The Lord says… The same chapter in which Lord Krsna instructed Uddhava… Uddhava was also one of His cousin-brothers in the family. He was a great devotee, Uddhava. He was more advanced than Arjuna. There are different grades of devotees. The first-class devotees were the gopis, the damsels of Vrndavana. Nobody could be compared with their devotional service. So next were Uddhava, then Arjuna. There are different grades of devotees also. So Uddhava was also a great devotee of (the) Lord, and he was also instructed similarly, just like Arjuna was instructed. So the Lord says to Uddhava, bhaktya aham ekaya grahyah. Ekaya: simply by devotional service, one, this one method… God is one, and to achieve Him, the process is also one. Just like in your body there are many holes, nine holes, nine holes: these two nostrils, two ear, two eyes, one mouth, and genital and evacuation, these nine holes. So if you want to supply foodstuff within your body, that is the one way: this is the mouth. There is no other way. You cannot push the foodstuff through ears or eyes or genital. No. That is not possible. Therefore, similarly, if you want God, then the one way, bhaktya aham ekaya… Ekaya. The foolish person says that “Whatever path you may adopt, you will go to God.” There are certain rascals. They say like that. But this is misleading, completely misleading. You cannot, I mean to say, reach God by any other means except this means, this bhaktya aham ekaya. It is clearly stated, ekaya. Ekaya means “only one.” There is no second process. And the Bhagavad-gita also, it is stated—you will find in the Eighteenth Chapter—bhaktya mam abhijanati yavan yas casmi tattvatah [Bg. 18.55]. Tattvatah. Tattvatah means in fact.

So you… Impersonal conception of Godhead, localized conception of Godhead or universal form of God, pantheism, monism—they are not perfect. If you want to know perfectly, then bhakti… It is stated in everywhere, in all Vedic literatures, evidentially in Bhagavad-gita, which is present before us, in Srimad-Bhagavatam, Caitanya-caritamrta. Everywhere you will find this only way, that devotional service. Bhaktya mam abhijanati yavan yas casmi tattvatah [Bg. 18.55]. Tattvatah means “in fact.” Partially you can know, but in complete… Of course, God cannot be known in complete, but the highest point a human being or a living entity can reach… That, the only process, through bhakti… Bhaktyaham ekaya grahyah sraddhayatma priyah satam. Sraddha atma priyah satam. That bhakti, that process of devotional service, is very dear to the actual transcendentalist, very dear. Bhaktih punati man-nistha. Man-nistha. To know simply “I believe in God,” that is not sufficient. The ultimate goal is to attain very intimate relationship or love of Godhead. That is required. Of course, to know, to believe in God, to accept God, that is all right. It is better than the atheist. But that is not end. You must develop yourself. You must… You should not simply make God as your order-supplier, but you should be order- supplier. When I become order-supplier to God, that is my perfection. And so long I keep God as my order-supplier, that is not bhakti. Generally, people keep God as his order-supplier: “O God, give us our daily bread,” “O God, I am in distress, “O God, I am in difficulty, “O God, I am…” God supplies them. God is supplying. Eko bahunam vidadhati kaman. But that is not ultimate goal. The ultimate goal is that you should supply God. God will be dependent on you. That is bhakti.

Just like Yasodamayi. Yasodamayi, he (she) was so advanced in devotion that God became dependent on her. God appeared as his (her) child. As the child always remains dependent on the mercy of the mother, similarly Krsna before His foster mother Yasodamayi just remained just like dependent. Mother said, “My dear child, if You become more naughty, then I shall chastise You.” And God is crying. You see? These are the relationship between God and the devotee. You see? One who chastises the whole universe, whole creation, He is afraid of His mother. He becomes dependent as He likes. It is said in the sastra that “When My devotee thinks Me dependent on him, oh, I like that. I like that.” People always worship God as the sublime, but the devotee, they do not worship. They want to serve God as dependent. Just like mother serves the child as dependent. There is no purpose. The mother is satisfied simply by keeping the child in perfect order. Yes. There is no purpose. Similarly, when we shall be inclined to see that He is always satisfied, that is devotion. Then you can have God in your grip. You see? God is so kind, Krsna is so kind, that He becomes just… Ajito ’pi. Nobody can conquer Him, but He becomes conquered by this kind of devotional service. You see? Ajito ’pi jito ’py asi. He becomes conquered. This is the process of conquering. What is the use of becoming one with God? You can conquer Him. You can have Him within your grips. Such is the process, devotional service. It is stated here. Ataeva. Therefore, Lord Caitanya concludes, ataeva ‘bhakti’— krsna-praptyera upaya. Therefore, if you want Krsna, then bhakti, the devotional service, is the only way.

ataeva ‘bhakti’—krsna-praptyera upaya ‘abhidheya bali’ tare sarva-sastre gaya

Abhidheya means that is the transaction.

So in this life, while we are in the material world, so we have our material body. So this devotional service, Krsna consciousness, doing everything in Krsna consciousness, this is just like, what is called, apprenticeship to reach that highest stage. The same thing will be there in your liberated stage in the spiritual kingdom. But here, by the order of the sastra, by the guidance of the spiritual master, you are being trained up as apprentice. This is called abhidheya, abhidheya, practice, practice. But even in practice you will feel that “I am making progress.” It is such a thing. ‘Abhidheya’ bali’ tare sarva-sastre gaya. And,

dhana paile yaiche sukha-bhoga phala paya sukha-bhoga haite duhkha apani palaya

taiche bhakti-phale krsne prema upajaya prema krsnasvada haile bhava nasa paya

Very important passage. Just note it carefully. Now, by apprenticeship, by practice, if one sincerely follows this practice, then what is the result? Dhana paile yaiche sukha-bhoga phala paya. Just like a poor man, if he gets sufficient money, then at once his all distress is over, at once, immediately. Simultaneously, as soon as the sun is in the sky, at once the darkness is gone. Just in the morning, a little, not sun directly, but even there is sunshine far away, immediately the darkness goes away. I am in distress; I am in poverty-stricken. Suppose I get immediately some large amount of money. Immediately my distress gone. So exactly like that, dhana paile yaiche sukha-bhoga phala paya, then automatically he becomes happy, a poor man when he gets money. Similarly, as soon as we have little taste of this devotional service, at once all our miserable life becomes happy at once. Yes. Sukha-bhoga haite duhkha apani palaya. And if there is happiness, where is the question of misery? If there is light, where there is question of darkness?

So a person in Krsna consciousness, he cannot be in distress of material miseries. It goes automatically, automatically. Taiche bhakti-phale krsne prema upajaya. Similarly, by execution of this devotional service, gradually you develop love of God, love of God. And preme krsnasvada haile bhava nasa… And as soon as you get a taste for Krsna, you at once lose all this nonsense taste, culminating into sex life. The material taste means we want to gratify senses in so many ways, and the supermost point is sex life. So as soon as you get into touch with Krsna and you develop Krsna love, all this nonsense finished. Then you are liberated. And so long you are attached even to a pinch of material taste, there is no question of liberation from material miseries; you have to continue this transmigration from one body to another, and body means material miseries. The material body means material misery. You may get the body of a king or you may get the body of Brahma or Indra, Candra or the ant or the insignificant animal. Any body, any material body, that is meant for miseries, miseries, tapa-traya, threefold, threefold material miseries, and, besides that threefold miseries, ultimately birth, death, old age and diseases.

So to develop love of Krsna means that is real liberation. And that love of Krsna begins after many, many births of cultural life. Bahunam janmanam ante, vasudevah sarvam iti sa mahatma su-durlabhah [Bg. 7.19]. When one surrenders unto Krsna, that is the beginning of his real life. And as he makes progress, then he realizes—I have several times discussed this point—adau sraddha. First thing is that “I must get myself out of this material contamination.” That is called sraddha. “In this very life I shall realize.” So this sraddha, this belief and this determination, as you make more and more perfect, you make advance. You make advance. Not as official, not as makeshow, but really… Adau sraddha tato sadhu-sangah. Then, as you are determined, so your taste for associating with devotees… Just like we are now associating with Lord Krsna’s, Lord Caitanya’s, teaching. He is a great devotee. This is called sadhu-sanga. Adau sraddha tato sadhu-sanga tatha bhajana-kriya. Then bhajana-kriya, how to execute. Now Caitanya Mahaprabhu is teaching. You will gradually know what is the bhajana-kriya, how to execute devotional service. That we shall come later on. Tato anartha-nivrttih syat. And as soon as your devotional service, prescribed duties, are discharged, you become free from all material contamination. That is the test. Tato anartha-nivrttih syat tato nistha. Then you become firmly convinced. Tato nistha tato ruci. Then taste. Athasakti: then you cannot give it up, at any circumstances cannot give it up. Athasaktis tato bhavas: then you become fully in samadhi, in trance. Sadhakanam ayam premnah pradur… These are the steps of attaining love of God. Love of God is not that you can immediately go and purchase from the market in the store. You have to practice it. The love is there within you. It is not artificial, neither an imposition by some person or… No. It is already there. If you kindly become submissively hearing this, by hearing only, and if you practice, it will be very nice and quickly we shall develop.

So hearing and practicing. Sevonmukhe hi jihvadau. Kirtana, sravanam kirtanam jihvadau. Sevonmukhe hi jihvadau. The tongue especially meant, tongue. Tongue should be engaged, jihva. How? Tongue should be engaged in glorifying. That is one business. And tongue should be engaged for eating krsna-prasada. These two things, chanting and eating. Sevonmukhe hi jihvadau. As soon as you submissively engage your tongue… Just see the technique: no other body, no other part. Tongue has been especially mentioned. And what is the business of tongue? I am speaking with the help of tongue. If there was no tongue, I could not talk with you. And another, I taste. So engage your tasting capacity of the tongue in krsna-prasada and engage your tongue in talking of Krsna. Then this is the process. Sevonmukhe hi jihvadau svayam eva sphuraty adah. And as you engage them in this process, God will reveal to you. You cannot order God, “Please come and be stand up. I shall see You.” He is not your servant. You have to please Him by your service attitude. Then He will reveal to you what He is. And that is bhakti. That is bhakti: taiche bhakti-phale krsne prema upajaya. If you execute the devotional service, then you develop that love. And as soon as krsna-prema asvada haile, bhava nasa paya… And as soon as you develop, the more the proportionate way of, you develop love of Krsna, love of God, proportionately, you are free from this material contamination. When you are perfectly in Krsna love, you are perfectly free from material contamination. This is the way of liberation.

daridrya-nasa, bhava-ksaya,—premera ‘phala’ naya prema-sukha-bhoga—mukhya prayojana haya

So one should not think that “Now I am materially happy. My all distress, my all poverty, has gone by Krsna, by devotional service of Krsna,” or “I have become liberated.” No. These are by-products. To become liberated and to become materially happy by prosecution of Krsna consciousness is a by-product. You have to attempt further thing. And what is that? Prema-sukha-bhoga: you shall be absorbed in love of Krsna. That is the… That is here recorded that that should be your ultimate goal of life. So we should not stop: “Oh, now I am very happy. Now I have no material miseries,” or “I am liberated. Now this material contamination does not affect me.” No. When you will be so much absorbed in love of God, just like Lord Caitanya showed… Caksusa pravrsayitam sunyayitam jagat sarvam govinda-virahena me, govinda-virahena me: “Oh, I am crying. Just My tears coming, just torrents of rain from My eyes.” Sunyayitam jagat sarvam: “I am seeing everything vacant.” Why? Govinda-virahena me: “In separation of Govinda.” That is highest stage of life. Govinda-virahena me. Just like in this material world, if you love somebody and if he is dead and passed and gone, you see everything vacant. That is a test of that govinda viraha. But we are foolish. We know that everything will be finished here. Why should I give so much attachment to this nonsense? Give your attachment to Krsna. He will never be finished. So that is love of Krsna. We have to attain that stage. Yes. That is the perfection of life.

Thank you. (aside:) You are going? (end)