Srimad-Bhagavatam 3.26.17
by His Divine Grace A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada
Bombay, December 26, 1974

Nitai: “O My dear mother, O daughter of Svayambhuva Manu, the time factor, as I have explained, is the Supreme Personality of Godhead, from whom the creation begins as a result of the agitation of the neutral, unmanifested nature.”


prakrter guna-samyasya nirvisesasya manavi cesta yatah sa bhagavan kala ity upalaksitah

Now Bhagavan Kapiladeva is describing what is the kala, time factor. Time factor is another manifestation or feature of the Supreme Personality of Godhead. Kala… The beginning of creation, that is the beginning of kala. So that beginning is started by the Supreme Personality of Godhead: sa aiksata. These are the Vedic information. “The Lord glanced over the mahat-tattva.” Sa asrjata. “And in this way creation began.”

Creation is not without the touch of the Supreme Purusa, Person. Param brahma param dhama pavitram paramam bhavan, purusam [Bg. 10.12] There is purusa. The prakrti, woman, stri, if she is not in contact with a purusa, then there is no creation. There is… Samyasya. Prakrter guna-samyasya. Without the touch of purusa, prakrti remains guna-samya, no manifestation of the three gunas. Prakrter guna-samyasya nirvisesasya. At the time of nirvisesa… Nirvisesa means without variety, without varieties. Nirvisesasya manavi, addressing His mother, Devahuti. Devahuti is the daughter of Svayambhuva Manu, and Svayambhuva Manu brought the daughter before… What is Kapiladeva’s father’s name?

Devotees: Kardama Muni.

Prabhupada: Kardama Muni. Kardama Muni was a great mystic yogi, but he desired to marry, and immediately Svayambhuva Manu… The Svayambhuva Manu is also parampara, is the son of sun-god, Svayambhuva Manu. Imam vivasvate yogam proktavan aham avyayam, vivasvan manave praha [Bg. 4.1]. So this Manu is one of our predecessor guru. Vivasvan manave praha manur iksvakave ’bravit. Evam parampara-praptam imam rajarsayo viduh [Bg. 4.2]. So the spiritual science was spoken to Vivasvan, the sun-god. Therefore the ksatriyas… There are two families: one from the sun- god, one from the moon-god. So Surya-vamsa, Candra-vamsa. So those who are ksatriyas coming from the Surya-vamsa… Lord Ramacandra also appeared in the Surya-vamsa. So prakrter guna-samyasya.

So Manu… Manu belonged to the Surya-vamsa, and the daughter of Manu is Devahuti. Therefore the son is addressing the mother, manavi. Manavi. The manusya, the word, has come from manu. Manusya. Manusya means “coming from Manu.” The human race, they are coming from Manu. So therefore the human society is controlled by the Manu-samhita. There is a book, Manu-samhita, the law-giving. Manu has given law. That law… At least the Hindus or the followers of the Vedic principle, their law is Manu…, Manu-smrti. Manu-smrti is also translated in Russian language. Professor Kotovsky told me. In my statement there is. He has admitted that “We have translated the Manu-smrti.” So the manava, the human race, has come from Manu. Therefore it is called manusya, manava. And the Manu’s direct daughter, Devahuti, is addressed here by his (her) son, Kapiladeva, manavi.

Prakrter guna-samyasya nirvisesasya. Guna-samya. When the three modes of material nature is not agitated, it is in the neutral stage, guna-samya. The guna-samya… The Buddha philosophy is… The highest goal is guna-samya, where there is no manifestation by the agitation of the gunas. That is their ultimate goal, guna-samya, nirvana. On account of agitation of the three gunas, these manifestations are there, and that is called visesa. Visesa means varieties. And nirvisesa or nirvana—practically the same thing: “Finish these varieties and again become nirvisesa, no variety, neutral stage.” That is the highest perfection of Buddha philosophy, nirvisesa-sunyavadi. There are two kinds of atheistic philosophers. One is nirvisesa, and the other is sunyavadi. So my students, therefore, they address, nirvisesa-sunyavadi-pascatya-desa-tarine. So whole world is nirvisesa-sunyavadi. Some of them are advocates of zero. There are many big, big philosophers writing on zero. They believe in zero, but they write volumes of books. Why you are wasting time writing volumes of books on zero? After all, if you are going to be zero, remain zero. So zero means disgust. Even Mahatma Gandhi, we have also heard in the paper, in the morning, the day when he was killed, the morning, he was disgusted with so many different opposing elements, letters, and news. So he said that “I don’t want to live anymore. It is too much disgusting to me.” And the same evening he was killed.

So this zero, void philosophy, when one becomes very much disgusted, they want to make it zero, finish everything. So this nirvisesa or zero is undeveloped stage. Just like a girl, unmarried girl, is undeveloped stage. But when she comes in contact with a purusa, then she develops with so many children. So that beginning of motherly life is called time. The time is the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Purusa. Now, prakrti herself cannot produce anything. This material manifestation which we see, so beautiful cosmic manifestation, that is not alone by the prakrti, as the materialistic scientists think, that “There was a chunk, and there became manifested.” These are foolish theories. Real is that in contact… Sa aiksata. That is the Vedic information. When the Supreme Personality of Godhead glanced over the prakrti, mahat-tattva, then the three gunas agitated, and she begins to give birth in so many varieties of the twenty-four elements. We have already discussed the twenty- four elements. The ingredients are there. That is prakrti. And pradhana means when they are not manifest, and prakrti means when they are manifest. And prakrti, pradhana, and above them, there is the Purusa. That Purusa is Bhagavan, sa bhagavan. Cesta yatah sa bhagavan. Wherefrom the prakrti begins to manifest, that is with the touch of Bhagavan. How touch? Sa aiksata: by simply glancing over, the prakrti becomes pregnant.

Now we cannot understand how one can make his wife pregnant simply by glancing. That is possible by Bhagavan. Therefore He is called almighty. We have got experience. If we want to make pregnant my wife, then we have to use certain sense. That particular sense can make pregnancy. But the Supreme Personality of Godhead, being all-powerful, He can do anything from anywhere from any sense. That is almighty. We speak of almighty—“God is almighty”—but we do not understand what is the almighty. This is almighty. The almighty Lord, simply by glancing over prakrti, He makes the prakrti pregnant, and the prakrti produces so many varieties of life. Cesta. Cesta yatah sa bhagavan.

So the prakrti cannot give birth to the varieties. That is wrong theory. That is wrong theory. The real variety begins when the prakrti is in touch with the Purusa. That is our experience also. How we can say that prakrti can give birth or woman can give birth to a child or many children without being touch with man? Where is our experience? There is no such thing. Therefore we should not take prakrti as everything. We must find out the Purusa. Therefore the purusa who gives birth to these material varieties, that is Lord Siva, and the prakrti which gives birth to these varieties, that is Durga. Therefore the original prakrti and purusa is represented by siva-linga, and devi-patha(?). Those who are worshiper of siva-linga, they know the devi-patha(?) and the siva-linga, they are worshiped. The original father, Krsna, says, aham bija-pradah pita: “I am the seed-giving father.” Sarva-yonisu kaunteya sambhavanti murtayo yah [Bg. 14.4]. There are varieties of forms of life. How they are being begotten? Krsna says, aham bija-pradah pita. That pita, father, is Lord Siva.

So when Krsna comes in touch with prakrti for giving birth of these varieties of forms of life, that is Siva. That is Siva. Siva is not different from Krsna, but still, Siva is not Krsna. This is called inconceivable one and different. Inconceivable one and different. The example is given: just like milk and yogurt, dahi. Dahi is not different from milk. It is milk—it is milk, everyone knows—but it is not milk at the same time. You cannot get the benefit of milk by drinking dahi, or yogurt. Milk is used for different purpose, and dahi is different purpose. When you take too much milk, you get dysentery, and if you go to the physician, he gives you some medicine to take with yogurt, dahi. So dahi or yogurt, is not different from milk, but it is not milk. Similarly, all these demigods, especially Lord Siva, Lord Brahma… They are the original chief demigods from Visnu.

So these demigods or even we… We are also the same principle, the living entities. Brahma is also in the category of living entities, and Lord Siva is between the living entities and the Supreme Lord, in between. Therefore you cannot keep Lord Siva as living entity category, neither Visnu category. Via media. Ksiram yatha dadhi vikara-visesa-yogat [Bs. 5.45]. The Supreme Personality of Godhead does not come directly in touch with this prakrti, but the form by which He touches this prakrti, that is Lord Siva. Therefore Lord Siva is not different from the Supreme Personality of Godhead; at the same time, he is not the Supreme Personality of Godhead. This is the conclusion. So that cesta… Cesta yatah sa bhagavan. Therefore Lord Siva’s another name is Kala-bhairava. Kala-bhairava. And he is the master of the annihilation. When this whole material creation will be required to be destroyed, it will be done by Lord Siva. It is created by Lord Brahma, it is maintained by Lord Visnu, and when it will be destroyed, it will be done by Lord Siva. Therefore there are three original demigods. So Kala-bhairava, cesta yatah sa bhagavan kala ity upalaksitah. So kala, time factor, is the Supreme Personality of Godhead. It is above these twenty-four ingredients of material elements. It is in between the spiritual element and the material element, via media, that kala. This is the description of kala.

So we should not think… The real purport of this verse should be understood that if we are misled by thinking that prakrti is working alone and is giving birth of varieties of things, savisesa, that is wrong theory. It is examplified like—in the Caitanya-caritamrta— just like in goats you will find on the neck, on the… It is called neck, or throat? There are some nipples. Have you seen it? So if somebody thinks that “There is nipple; there will be milk also,” no. There is no milk. That is different thing. Similarly, if some person foolishly think that material nature, prakrti, is the cause of varieties of manifestation, that is wrong. That is wrong. It is done by the Purusa, the Supreme Person, through the agency of prakrti. Just like a man begets children through the agency of woman, similarly, the varieties of this material world is due to the Supreme Person, Purusa. Purusam sasvatam, original, eternal Purusa. That is accepted by Arjuna in the Bhagavad-gita: param brahma param dhama pavitram paramam bhavan [Bg. 10.12]. Bhavan: “You are purusam sasvatam.”

So God is always purusa. Purusa means the enjoyer, the male part. Male and female—two parts required, negative and positive. So the male part is Bhagavan, and the female part is the prakrti, and combination of purusa and prakrti is the varieties of creation. This is Sankhya philosophy. So you should not be misled that prakrti itself has given so varieties of manifestation, cosmic manifestation. That is not possible. You have to accept the purusa theory by your practical experience, that without purusa, no prakrti can give birth anything. Similarly, these varieties of manifestation in the world, in the material world, it is due to the combination of prakrti and purusa.

So the atheistic philosopher, they think that this combination of prakrti and purusa is without any aim, without any idea, just like a man and woman meets and they may have sex. There was no idea, but they have sex. They give this example. That is stated in the Bhagavad-gita, Sixteenth Chapter. There is no aim, and that purusa becomes subdued by the prakrti, and the manifestation comes. But this Kapiladeva, you will find, and we Vaisnava philosophers, we do not admit this, that “without any aim.” There is aim. Why Krsna says that this material world, bhutva bhutva praliyate? Bhutva bhutva. There is aim. The manifestation of prakrti, cosmic manifestation, is there to give the living entities another chance for liberation. One chance is given. Just like we have got. Sri Prakrti is now manifested, and we are living entities. We are here, sarva-yonisu kaunteya sambhavanti murtayo yah [Bg. 14.4], in many varieties. So what is the aim? The aim is God realization. By evolutionary process, gradually, we come to the human form of life. Asitim caturas caiva jiva-jatisu, jiva-jati. Jiva, under different species of life, they are evolving.

jalaja nava-laksani sthavara laksa-vimsati krmayo rudra-sankhyakah paksinam dasa-laksanam

In this way, the evolution is coming—from aquatics to plants life, the insect, reptiles, then birds, then beast, then human life.

So this human life, civilized human life, followers of the Vedic principle… That is the civilized life, Aryans. Arya. Therefore the followers of Vedic principles, they are called arya, advanced. Because those who are follower… Just like Manu-samhita. It is Aryan literature, Vedic literature. So Aryan means advanced. Advanced means civilized. So if we civilized people, we give up this Aryan literature or Vedic literature and take to Jasoushi(?) literature to waste our time, sex literature, then we are committing suicide. The Caitanya-caritamrta says, anadi-bahirmukha jiva krsna bhuli’ gela. That Krsna is the original father, we have forgotten. Anadi. Anadi means before the creation. Adi means the creation. So this is a chance. This creation is there to give us chance to come to our original position, Krsna consciousness. So there is aim. It is not without aim. There is aim. And when there is creation, when there is civilized human being, and still they are not taking to Krsna consciousness, then Krsna comes personally to teach them.

yada yada hi dharmasya glanir bhavati bharata… tadatmanam srjamy aham [Bg. 4.7]

So this civilized nation should take advantage of this Vedic literature. The Kardama Muni is teaching Sankhya philosophy, Krsna is teaching Bhagavad-gita, and if we do not take advantage of these thing, then again we are in the oblivion. Again this cosmic manifestation will be annihilated, and we will remain in slumbering state for many millions and millions of years. Again there will be creation: bhutva bhutva praliyate. This is the mode of creation. So we should take advantage of this Vedic literature. Tad-vijnanartham sa gurum evabhigacchet [MU 1.2.12] One, everyone, should approach the bona fide spiritual master and take lessons from the Vedic literature. Then this life will be successful. We are rotting in this material world. Bhutva bhutva praliyate. Getting one short type of body, live there for some time, again it is annihilated, again another body. And we do not know what kind of body. That will depend on our karma. So… But you have to accept. Tatha dehantara-praptih.

So this is going on under the influence of kala. So people should be enlightened that “Don’t remain asleep.” Uttisthata jagrata prapya varan nibodhata. “Now you are civilized human being. You can read and write. You can understand.” So jagrata: “Now get up, be awakened. Study this Vedic literature, especially the essence of Vedic literature, Srimad-Bhagavatam.” Nigama-kalpa-taror galitam phalam [SB 1.1.3]. Nigama means Vedic literature, Vedic knowledge. And it is its ripened fruit, nigama-kalpa-taror galitam phalam idam, Srimad-Bhagavatam. So hear Srimad-Bhagavatam, chant Hare Krsna, and be successful in your life.

Thank you very much. (end)